Architectural Design & Planning-4 Syllabus


• To be able to understand the planning of an educational building.
• To be able to prepare a design of an educational building
• To be able to understand planning of an office building.
• To be able to understand the designing an office building.


Educational Background and School Organization; Structure of Education; Site Design for school; recreation facility Layout; Safety & Security; Function of Economy & Content; Class room Design; Reader Accommodations; Core Location of an Office; Main Stair and Fire Escape; General Principle; Office Layout; Guide for Space Allowance; Drive Way; Slopped Way/Ramp.


1 Understand the planning consideration of a school building
1.1 State structure of Education in Asia..
1.2 Define the following terms – Central and/or regional school, Community school, Daycare, Elementary school, International school, Junior high school, Kindergarten, Middle school, Neighborhood school, Nursery, Primary, School without walls, Secondary, Senior high, Special & Urban Schools.
1.3 Discuss the pupil capacity of school.
1.4 Explain the working space relationships.
2 Understand Site Design and the safety & security of school.
2.1 Explain the site selection criteria of school.
2.2 State the space allocation & relationships.
2.3 Discuss the circulation of vehicular service with fig. of parking system.
2.4 Describe the recreational facility layout, materials & drainage facility for school.
2.5 Discuss the building lay-out of school for safety and security.
2.6 State landscaping and lighting consideration of school.
2.7 Describe the accessibility provision such as school exits, stair ways, corridors, doors and school entry, toilet facilities with standard data.
3 Understand the Function of Economy, Content and Class Rooms Design for Secondary School.
3.1 State the basic concepts of teaching/administration.
3.2 Discuss plan and orientation for function of economy.
3.3 Explain solar controls, space conditioning, lighting and acoustics for function of economy.
3.4 Discuss the class room planning.
3.5 Explain the general requirements for all class rooms such as – electrical and data access, air-conditioning and ventilation, lighting, projection equipment.
3.6 Explain the doors, acoustic and visual control of a class room.
3.7 Discuss the auditorium for a school.
4 Understand the core location of an office building.
4.1 Define core area.
4.2 Describe the factors determining the size & numbers of elevators.
4.3 Describe the services that are provided in a vertical duct.
4.4 Describe the factors that determine the size, shape, location and number of lavatories.
4.5 Describe main stair and fire escape and its function.
4.6 Describe the efficiency of an office building.
5 Understand the general principle of an office building.
5.1 Mention the work flow of an office building.
5.2 Describe the straight line principle.
5.3 Describe the necessity of internal circulation of an office.
5.4 Name six basic office functions (management, financial, sales, general, technical, production – office group functions).
5.5 Describe the types of space in an office.
5.6 Describe space allowances i.e. office space & file space, special equipment, storage space, special room allowances.
6 Understand parking lots and garages.
6.1 Describe the factors to determine a drive way and turning radius.
6.2 Describe straight and curve driveway and its formulae.
6.3 Describe curved device ways and determine its factors.
6.4 Describe double drive ways, drive way exit.
6.5 Describe the vehicle length & width.
6.6 Discuss the slope of ramp, ramp break over angle, angle of departure and angle of approach.
1 Prepare the design & drawing of a school.
1.1 Draw the flow diagram showing different area used in school.
1.2 Sketch the line plan & front elevation of a school as per given requirements.
1.3 Develop the floor plan according to the scale.
1.4 Draw the front & a side elevation according to scale.
1.5 Draw a section through the stair and part section through entrance & verandah.
2 Prepare the detail plan of class room & teachers’ room.
2.1 Draw seating arrangement of a classroom with clear dimension.
2.2 Design and draw seating furniture for classroom with dimension.
2.3 Draw a wall cabinet for the classroom.
2.4 Draw the head master’s room with furniture arrangement.
2.5 Draw the teachers’ room with furniture arrangement.
2.6 Draw the common & individual toilet detail of the school with section.
3 Prepare the different types of shading device according to orientation.
3.1 Draw 1st types (Ex-1) of sunshade with isometric view, section with dimension.
3.2 Draw 2nd types (Ex-2) of sunshade with isometric view, section with dimension.
3.3 Draw 1st types (Ex-1) of roof device with isometric view, section with dimension.
3.4 Draw 2nd types (Ex-2) of roof device with isometric view, section with dimension.
4 Prepare extra purpose building design.
4.1 Draw a plan of an auditorium.
4.2 Draw the furniture layout in the auditorium with clear dimension.
4.3 Draw a plan of a library for the school with furniture arrangement.
4.4 Detail drawing of a bookshelf & a reading table of the library.
4.5 Draw a layout plan with landscape.

5 Site visit, case study & prepare a report for presentation.
5.1 Visit any district school/SOS-SHISUPALLI.
5.2 Take photographs of ancient and modern school building of that district.
5.3 Analysis the orientation of the school building and the toilet facilities.
5.4 Investigate the present needs of that school.
5.5 Present the report with photograph.
6 Prepare the presentation drawing of an office building.
6.1 Draw a flow diagram of an office.
6.2 Sketch line plan of an office building as per general requirements.
6.3 Develop the line plan according to scale.
6.4 Make a presentation drawing for approval by the client (plan, Elevation, selection (scale – 1:100 or 1/8”=1’- 0”).
6.5 Draw different elevation with shade & shadow (scale – 1:100 or 1/8” = 1’-0”).
6.6 Show furniture arrangement of different work station.
7 Prepare the working drawing set of an office building.
7.1 Draw all floor plan showing all dimensions (scale 1:50 or ¼” = 1’- 0”).
7.2 Draw front and any other side elevation (scale 1:50 or ¼” = 1’- 0”).
7.3 Draw a section through stair & lift (scale 1:50 or ¼” = 1’- 0”).
7.4 Draw roof plan showing rain water drainage (scale 1:50 or ¼” = 1’- 0”).
7.5 Make a door-window schedule for the building.
8 Prepare landscape design in the site plan.
8.1 Draw the lay-out plan of building.
8.2 Draw 900, 600 & 450 car parking in the site plan.
8.3 Show the walkway, water-bodies and trees, green in the site plan.
8.4 Show the waste disposal system in the site plan.
9 Prepare a set of drawing for private office.
9.1 Draw the desk clearance for private office.
9.2 Draw the typical modular office plan.
9.3 Draw the corridor width based of the human figure.
9.4 Draw the furniture lay-out for private office.
10 Prepare electrical drawing of a building.
10.1 Draw the various electrical systems used in building drawing.
10.2 Draw general first and typical floor electrical fixture lay-out.
10.3 Show detail electrical circuit diagram.
10.4 Show the conduit lay-out in the plan.


1. School Building Design Asia
The Architects Hand book
by E. and O. E.
S. Rowland PIERCE

By Joseph De Chirra.

4. Ernst Neufert
by: Vincent Jjones
George Atkinson OBEBA (Arch) RIBA.

Info 57

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