# Design of Structure -1 Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010

Design of Structure -1 Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering

• To be able to understand the properties of reinforced cement concrete (RCC).
• To be able to select the suitable size of reinforced concrete beams & lintels with reinforcement.
• To be able to supervise the placing of reinforcement for beams & lintel.

## SHORT DESCRIPTION

Reinforced cement concrete; Theory of bending; Investigation of beam; Shear stress and bond stress; Design of reinforced cement concrete rectangular beam, T-beam, double reinforced beam and lintel.

## DETAIL DESCRIPTION

Theory:

• Understand the different type of cement concrete works.
• Describe the plain concrete, reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete.
• Describe the different uses of the plain concrete, reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete.

concrete.

• Understand the structural safety, design code and safety provision.
• Explain the need for structural safety.
• Solve simple problems using the design codes.
• Explain the necessity for safety provision.
• Define the meaning of load.
• Classify different kinds of loads.
• Define Richter scale, tectonic plate and epicenter.
• Explain the necessity of considering the seismic load and wind load in designing reinforced concrete works.
• Mention the significant of the thrust (like tidal, cyclones etc.) to be consider in designing reinforced concrete structure in coastal zone.
• Understand stress, strain and elasticity of concrete.
• State the meaning of stress, strain, ultimate stress and allowable stress of concrete.
• Define young modulus of elasticity of concrete.
• Calculate young modulus of elasticity of concrete.
• Interpret stress-strain curve of steel and concrete.
• Mention the purpose of compression test of concrete.
• State the different size & shape of moulds for compression test.
• Describe test procedure of crushing cubes and cylinders for compression test.
• Determine ultimate stress of concrete (f’c) and allowable stress of concrete (fc).
• Determine the allowable shear stress of concrete using ultimate stress of concrete.
• Understand the properties & behavior of reinforcing steel used in RCC.
• List the different types & grades of steel used in RCC and prestressed concrete.
• Mention the advantages of uses of mild steel in RCC.
• Describe the scope of using welded wire fabric in RCC.
• Mention the characteristics of plain bar, deformed bar and twisted bar and tendon.
• Mention the advantages of uses of deformed and twisted bar in RCC.
• State the minimum reinforcement used in RCC beam and slab.
• Understand the flexure formula of homogeneous beam.
• Define resisting moment.
• Explain the stress diagram of a loaded beam.
• Identify compression and tension zones of a homogenous beam.
• Express the derivation of the flexure formula for homogeneous beam.
• Solve the problems on homogeneous rectangular beam.
• Understand the concept of transformed section of beam.
• Define transformed section.
• Explain the theory of transformed section with sketches.
• Express the derivation of the equation for investigating the stresses developed in concrete and steel by transformed section method.
• Calculate the stresses developed in rectangular beam and T-beam in WSD method.
• Explain balanced reinforced beam, under reinforced beam and over reinforced beam.
• Mention the effect of under reinforcement and over reinforcement in RCC beams.
• Understand the flexure formula for RCC beam in working stress design (WSD) method.
• State the assumptions used in developing the flexure formula.
• Explain the stress diagram of a loaded RCC beam.
• Mention the notations used in flexure formula in WSD method.
• Express the derivation of the flexure formula for RCC beam in WSD method.
• Solve problems of flexure formula based on WSD method.
• Understand the shear stress developed in RCC beams.
• Explain the effects of shear force and stress in RCC beams.
• State the meaning of diagonal tension.
• Explain the causes of creating diagonal tension in RCC beams.
• Express the derivation of the formula to determine shear stress developed in RCC beams.
• Solve the problems on shear stress developed in WSD method.
• Solve the problems on shear stress developed in USD method.
• Mention the allowable shear stress for RCC beam (v) and shear stress for concrete (vc).
• Understand the functions of web reinforcement in RCC beams.
• Define web reinforcement.
• Classify web reinforcement with sketches.
• Mention the functions of web reinforcement in RCC beams.
• Determine the spacing of web reinforcement (vertical & inclined) in WSD method.
• Determine the spacing of web reinforcement in USD method.
• Determine the portion of the RCC beam requiring web reinforcement.
• Understand the bond stress developed in RCC beams.
• State the meaning of bond stress.
• Express the derivation of the formula to determine bond stress developed in RCC beams.
• State the allowable bond stress for plain bar and deformed bar in WSD and USD methods.
• Determine the anchorage length of reinforcement in RCC.
• Explain the necessity of standard hooks of reinforcement in RCC.
• Understand the design of RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
• Outline the design steps of RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
• State the minimum spacing of reinforcing bars in RCC beam.
• Design a simply supported RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
• Design a semi-continuous RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
• Design a continuous RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
• Understand flexure formula in ultimate strength design (USD) method.
• Differentiate WSD and USD method.
• Explain the stress diagram of loaded beam with showing the actual & equivalent rectangular stress distribution of ultimate load.
• Mention the notations used in flexure formula in USD method.
• Express the derivation of the flexure formula in USD method.
• Solve problems of flexure formula based on USD method.
• Understand the design of RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
• Outline the design steps of RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
• Design a simply supported RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
• Design a semi-continuous RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
• Design a continuous RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
• Understand the design of RCC cantilever & overhanging rectangular beams in WSD method.
• Determine the design load, shear force and bending moment of RCC cantilever & overhanging beams.
• Design a cantilever RCC rectangular beam.
• Design an overhanging RCC rectangular beam.
• Describe the technique of curtailment of reinforcement in cantilever RCC beams.
• Understand the T-beam and its uses.
• Define T-beam.
• Identify the different parts of a typical T-beam.
• Determine the width of flange of T-beam considering span length and slab thickness.
• State the ratio of width of web to the depth of web for T-beams.
• Distinguish between RCC rectangular beam and T-beam.
• Understand the design of RCC T-beams.
• Determine the depth and width of a simply supported T-beam in respect to shear force.
• Outline the design steps of RCC T-beam in WSD method.
• Design a simply supported RCC T-beam in WSD method.
• Design a semi-continuous RCC T-beam in WSD method.
• Design a continuous RCC T-beam in WSD method.
• Understand the design of RCC beam with compression reinforcement.
• State the meaning of double reinforced beam.
• Differentiate between RCC single and double reinforced beam.
• Outline the design steps of double reinforced beam.
• Design a simply supported double reinforced beam.
• Design a semi-continuous double reinforced beam.
• Design a continuous double reinforced beam.
• Understand the design of RCC lintel over doors & windows.
• Determine the area of the wall to be considered in determining the design load for RCC lintels.
• Outline the design steps of RCC lintel.
• Design a RCC lintel over doors and windows.

Practical:

1. Conduct compression test of concrete for particular proportion with different water-cement ratio.
• Mix concrete with different water-cement ratio.
• Fill in the mould (cylinder and cube).
• Keep cylinder and cube in the water for curing.
• Test the specimen in the compression test machine.
• Take the readings and tabulate in the form (test report).
• Calculate the ultimate and allowable compressive strength of concrete.
2. Conduct tensile strength test of mild steel for both plain bar and deformed bar of different diameters.
3. Prepare a model of simply supported RCC rectangular beam as per drawing.
4. Prepare a model of semi-continuous RCC rectangular beam as per drawing.
5. Prepare a model of continuous RCC rectangular beam as per drawing.
6. Prepare a model of double reinforced simply supported rectangular beam as per drawing.
7. Prepare a model of RCC lintel as per drawing.
8. Prepare a model of RCC lintel with sunshade as per drawing.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Simplified Design of Reinforced Concrete

-by H Parker

1. Design of Concrete Structures

-by G Winter, L C Urquhart, C E O’Rourke, A H Nilson

1. Treasure of R C C Designs

-by Sushil Kumar

1. R C C Design -by Abul Faraz Khan

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